In my youth, I was strongly attracted to Western culture. With my experiences of the Second World War, I came to hate the irrational and constantly vague Japanese attitude toward life. Scientific rational thinking stood as the symbol of the West and always as a creative treasure for me to capture.
In 1959, I came to the United States to study clinical psychology in order to become like a Westerner. The experience in fact opened the way to Jung’s psychology, by which I was able to find myself as a Japanese. After my initial years of study in the United States, I went to the C.G. Jung Institute in Zürich, Switzerland, receiving a diploma there in 1965. Interestingly, Western analysts helped me find the values of Japanese culture. Before that, I was of the opinion that the Japanese must make efforts to establish a modern ego, following the European way completely. Then all of the unique features of Japanese tradition seemed for me to be utterly disgusting and unbearable. The old ways of living had to be discarded as soon as possible. However, I began to realize, through my analytical experiences, that European consciousness is not “the best” nor “the only one” for everybody in the world to attain.